A Cleaner Ride – 08.21.2011
[SUITERS] The deepwater discovery that could have a huge impact on the Middle East's energy landscape.
[PHILIP KALSON] It's changed things, completely.
[SUITERS] How Israel's big offshore natural gas find could lead to its energy independence and help the U.S.
[GIDEON TADMOR] All of a sudden you see indicators of gas and you know that the world has changed. And it happens like that. [Snaps]
[SUITERS] America's clean energy corridor, blazing a trail toward our own energy independence. The alternative fuel highway that could cut oil imports and the cost of the products we buy. And electric bikes -- a tour de force around the world that's now catching on here.
[ED BENJAMIN] There's not enough land, there's not enough money, there's not enough oil, not enough gasoline for everybody to have a car.
[SUITERS] But the U.S. will have to play catch-up if it wants to win this race. This is "energyNOW!"
Hello, I'm Tyler Suiters. Welcome to "energyNOW!", a weekly look at America's energy challenges and what we're doing about them. Thalia Assuras is off.
Can you imagine if Saudi Arabia suddenly stopped selling its oil to the U.S. for a few weeks? Unlikely, but just consider it. America would lose about 6% of its oil supply, and gas prices -- you think they're high now?
Well, something very similar to that almost happened to Israel this year. Egypt temporarily stopped supplying it with natural gas, cutting off more than 40% of Israel's gas supply, an essential fuel it needs for power. But a new discovery, deep under the Mediterranean Sea, might help Israel wean itself off foreign energy imports and could help the U.S. boost its own energy independence. More now in our continuing look at "The Israel Connection."
In Israel, peace and power come at a price. This year, the pipeline carrying natural gas from Egypt into Israel has come under attack again and again by sabotage just across its border.
[UZI LANDAU, MINISTER OF NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE] Knowing that we cannot rely on anyone around us, we have to see how we could become long-time energy independent.
[SUITERS] Uzi Landau is charged with ensuring that his country has the energy it needs -- a difficult task since Israel depends heavily on imported fossil fuels, like oil, coal, and natural gas.
[GIDEON TADMOR, PRESIDENT AND CEO, DELEK ENERGY] There was an old joke saying, why did it take Moses 40 years to get from Egypt to Israel -- because he was looking 40 years for the only place in the Middle East without oil and gas.
[SUITERS] An old joke that Gideon Tadmor never took literally. His company, Delek, looked for energy off the coast of Israel, deep in the Mediterranean Sea. This is what Tadmor and Delek have found. First, a pair of small natural gas fields, called Noa, and Mari-B, in 1999 and 2000, the first proof that Israel had its own significant gas reserves.
[AMOS LASKER] With the natural gas, we do have a revolution here in Israel.
[SUITERS] Amos Lasker just stepped down as the head of Israel Electric, the country's sole electric utility. He says the first Israeli gas fields started a revolution but can't sustain it. The country still needs natural gas from Egypt.
[LASKER, FEBRUARY 2011] Actually, now that I'm speaking with you, I think it's 2 1/2 weeks that we don't have any supply from Egypt. And we are under very, very tough and severe pressure.
[SUITERS] That's why the search for more natural gas has been such a priority for Israel. And as recently as January 9 of 2009, that search wasn't going well at Delek.
[TADMOR] Everyone was very grim. Everyone thought, we passed the point. What the hell is going on? How could we miss it? And I am saying, "Guys, it's my birthday. Nothing wrong could happen on my birthday." And I sat at the table. You know, instants after I sit down, all of the sudden, we saw the indication.
[SUITERS] Instants, just a few moments?
[TADMOR] Yeah. It was unbelievable.
[SUITERS] That discovery, on Tadmor's birthday, was Tamar, holding five times as much natural gas as the earlier finds, and it was soon followed by the smaller Dalit field. And then, last year, the mother lode -- Leviathan, an offshore gas field Minister Landau called, "the most important energy news since the founding of Israel." Potentially enough natural gas to supply all of Israel's energy needs for the next 25 years.
[TADMOR] All of a sudden, you see indicators of gas and you know that the world has changed. And it happens like that, in one instance. [Snaps]
[PHILIP KALSON] Oh, it's changed things completely.
[SUITERS] American Philip Kalson showed me what that change looks like today. Israel Electric's Ashdod Power Station sits on the Mediterranean coast. A pipeline connects it to the Mari-B gas field.
[KALSON] What we're showing here is how, with a station that already has 35 years of life in it, has been rejuvenated by making it a gas-fired station.
[SUITERS] As of 2004, the Ashdod plant burned only heavy fuel oil, and as of 2003, Israel got no electricity by burning natural gas. Now, Ashdod runs on Egyptian supplies and Israel's own offshore gas reserves.
[KALSON] During the past seven years that we've been receiving gas, we've expanded the capacity of the generation system by over 25%, and all of that's being done by adding capacity with gas.
[SUITERS] So the last 10 years or so, you have redefined the way you produce electricity.
[SUITERS] Kalson says, by 2020, as much as 80% of Israel's electricity could come from natural gas. Think about that -- from 0% to 80% in less than two decades, all possible because of the Leviathan gas field.
[TADMOR] It's the largest deepwater, offshore natural gas discovery in the decade around the world.
[SUITERS] And there may be oil underneath that.
[TADMOR] There may be oil, but we're not there yet.
[SUITERS] Then again, Israel might not need nearly as much oil. The country wants to turn some of its natural gas into liquid methanol, a substitute for gasoline, and use it to fuel the country's cars. Methanol supporters in the U.S. say they like the idea of working on that technology with Israel much better than working with China, the world's largest producer and user of methanol. And by converting more of its own huge natural gas reserves into methanol, the U.S. could also cut back on imported oil.
[LANDAU] We pull today to a gasoline station, and we see the pump ticking, and then we take our wallets to pay -- some say 20%, some say 30%, some say even higher percentages than that, are going to countries which support terror.
[SUITERS] But what lies beneath the Mediterranean Sea could bring a new reality to the surface.
[TADMOR] You see the flare, you see the action, you see excitement. I think you see all the ingredients of a nice story.
[SUITERS] Do you see money?
[TADMOR] You know what? No. [Laughs]
[SUITERS] What's the intangible you see, a dream come true?
[TADMOR] Yeah, a dream come true.
[TEXT ON SCREEN] To hear more about Israel's transition to natural gas, go to energynow.com.
[SUITERS] A dream, Tadmor says, that results from the science of deepwater drilling, the art of thinking outside the box, and...
[TADMOR] Luck -- but that's relatively easy, because we are in Israel, so a call to God is a local call.
[SUITERS] The smiles begin to disappear when the topic of terrorism is raised. Last month, the leader of the Islamic extremist group Hezbollah warned Israel about robbing Lebanon of its resources, accusing Israel of taking natural gas that Lebanon believes lies under its part of the Mediterranean Sea.
While natural gas is the next big thing in Israel, that energy source has helped fuel the economy of another country -- Russia -- since the early 1800s. But it wasn't until after World War II that homes in the capital city of Moscow got full access to natural gas. Take a look at this energyTHEN from 1949.
[Film projector running]
[ANNOUNCER] More and more apartments are getting natural gas in the Soviet capital. The lucky housewives in house number 8 on Dubrovsky Street are using gas as of today. The Moscow Gas Trust sends in a man to turn on the gas. Over 200,000 Moscow housewives will get gas by 1950, the last year of the current Five-Year Plan.
[SUITERS] Today, Russia doesn't supply just its own residents; it's the largest natural gas exporter in the world. According to the Energy Information Administration, about 95% of Russia's gas is produced in Siberia and then sent to markets in Europe and Asia.
Coming up, America has its own huge supplies of natural gas that could fuel our cars and trucks, but making that happen comes with a hefty price.
[REBECCA SCHENKER] You are talking at least a million dollars for an LNG station, in general.
[SULLIVAN] That's not chump change.
[SUITERS] The effort to build a clean energy corridor across America's west.
[TEXT ON SCREEN] World's Largest Natural Gas Producers
1 -- United States
2 -- Russia
3 -- Canada
4 -- Iran
5 -- Norway
Source: Energy Information Administration
[Baby coughing] [Coughing continues] [Baby gasping] [Coughing]
[ANNOUNCER] Congress can't ignore the facts. More air pollution means more childhood asthma attacks.
[ANNOUNCER] Log on to LungUSA.org and tell Washington, "Don't weaken the Clean Air Act."
[SUITERS] The price might be high, but here in the U.S., filling your car with gasoline is pretty easy to do. Gas stations are everywhere, but that kind of convenience didn't just happen overnight. Our nationwide network of filling stations has been built over the course of a century, which gives oil-based fuels, like gasoline and diesel, a huge head start over alternative fuels, like hydrogen and natural gas. So, what's it going to take for alternative fuel filling stations to catch on? We'll take a look at that in a moment.
But first a note about "energyNOW!" Our initial funding comes from the American Clean Skies Foundation, which is funded in part by Chesapeake Energy, a major player in the natural gas business. We are editorially independent. Neither the foundation nor its backers control what we say or we do on this program. We have no agenda other than informing you about the critical energy issues that affect us all.
Now, here's energyNOW's Lee Patrick Sullivan with a look at how some companies are taking charge of building an emerging network of natural gas pumps.
[SULLIVAN] I know you've heard the age-old question, "What came first, the chicken or the egg?" I mean, you can't have one without the other. That's the same challenge that is facing long-haul truckers when it comes to converting their fleets to liquefied natural gas. I mean, who would have an LNG truck if there were no stations? And who would build a station if there were no LNG trucks?
This was the problem facing the advocates of the ICTC, the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor. It's a proposed network of LNG stations allowing long-haul truckers to travel from Salt Lake City across to Reno, through California, past Vegas and on to Phoenix while using cleaner-burning and less expensive liquefied natural gas.
Basically, you're trying to build a bunch of filling stations.
[REBECCA SCHENKER, GLADSTEIN, NEANDROSS & ASSOCIATES] We're trying to build a bunch of fueling stations to support alternative fuels.
[SULLIVAN] One of those fuels is LNG, a natural gas that's been cooled so much that it turns into a liquid. It's stored in this tank right here. Think of it as a large Thermos. Its energy density allows it to be used for long-haul trucks.
There's also CNG, a natural gas that is compressed for use in short-haul vehicles and cars. To accomplish this, the cold LNG, or liquefied natural gas, runs through this set of pipes right here that look a little bit like a radiator. That's where the gas gets back to room temperature. It's then sent through a compressor. That's that annoying banging sound you hear in the background. According to the think tank Resources for the Future, an aggressive program to convert the nation's big rigs from diesel to liquefied natural gas could say 1.2 million barrels of oil a day by the end of the decade. That's about 2/3 of the amount of oil the U.S. currently imports from the Persian Gulf.
So, why hasn't this been done? One word -- infrastructure.
You have people that say, "I'm not going to build an LNG station because there are no LNG trucks," and people say, "I'm not going to buy an LNG truck because there's no LNG station."
[SCHENKER] And we bring them all together at the table and say, "How can we make this happen?"
[SULLIVAN] And that's exactly what happened at this LNG station in Ontario, California. Rebecca Schenker's firm helped get it built. A private company runs the station. UPS donated the land and uses it to fuel its fleet of LNG and CNG vehicles. Big Brown also allows other vehicles in the community to use the facilities.
[SCHENKER] You'll see outside right now Burrtec Waste Industries is fueling, and they're a local refuse collection fleet.
[SULLIVAN] Now, this waste facility vehicle, they probably may not have switched to CNG if they had to build their own station.
[SCHENKER] Exactly. That's why stations like this are important. Where you invest in one station, you're really investing in support for a number of different types of vehicles and fleets in the entire area.
[SULLIVAN] Two fuels, one station. In the fueling station world, that's pretty cool. And speaking of cool, check out how cold that LNG can get. It makes frost here in sunny Southern California. We're talking minus 260 degrees Fahrenheit.
[DJ ROMERO] It's pretty cold.
[SULLIVAN] So you wouldn't want to stick your tongue on that nozzle. It would definitely stick to it.
[ROMERO] No, we don't want to do that.
[SULLIVAN] UPS is investing big in LNG and other alternative fuels to help reduce its carbon footprint.
You're talking about the broad picture of reducing greenhouse gases, but you guys are still running a business. How does this work out as far as the prices of fuel?
[ROMERO] This is running a lot less cost, so there is an alternative to that as saving us money as well.
[SULLIVAN] Romero says LNG costs about half as much as diesel. Despite having ambitions to link four western states into the ICTC, currently there is only one LNG station outside California.
This is major infrastructure.
[SCHENKER] It is, and you are talking, depending on the size of the station, how many users, scalability -- you can start with it smaller then add more tanks later. But you are talking at least a million dollars for an LNG station, in general.
[SUITERS] Despite that price tag, another branch of the ICTC is being planned in Texas. And Chesapeake Energy, the country's second largest natural gas producer, has pledged $1 billion over 10 years to help build LNG and CNG stations across the entire country. That $1 billion is about what the U.S. spends on imported oil every day.
[AUBREY McCLENDON, CEO, CHESAPEAKE ENERGY] I think pretty soon we'll get to a point where you'll have a coast-to-coast and border-to-border network, what we call the America's Natural Gas Highway and System.
[SULLIVAN] But there are still more hurdles to jump. I mean, that's just the chicken part. We still need some eggs. When it comes to passenger cars, Honda is the only automaker that even makes a CNG vehicle. The American Trucking Association is still looking into whether LNG trucks are a good fit for their members.
[CURTIS WHALEN, AMERICAN TRUCKING ASSOCIATION] We're finding, yeah, generally speaking, as I talk to my members who are operating fleets long enough, they seem to be a little bit higher cost to maintain. They obviously require a different kind of mechanical approach to it, so you can't use your guys, I don't think, that were doing the older trucks. They're going to move to servicing these trucks.
[SULLIVAN] Whalen says, because of strict emissions regulations, a lot of his members just switched from traditional diesel to the new low-sulfur, clean diesel engines just about four years ago. And unlike eggs, these rigs have a long shelf life and are expensive to repair. In Ontario, California, Lee Patrick Sullivan, "energyNOW!"
[SUITERS] While they cost more up front, natural gas trucks pollute less than their diesel counterparts. And that spurred the Port of Los Angeles, the nation's busiest container port, to put more than $12 million into a program to boost the number of LNG and CNG trucks used there.
Another way to clean up the air -- drive an electric vehicle. But just how clean is that new EV if the electricity to charge the battery comes from fossil fuels? Well, a carmaker and a clean energy company think they have an answer. That's what's in this week's "energyNOW!" hotZONE.
Ford and SunPower are teaming up, and when Ford's new EV hits showrooms later this year, buyers will have the option of spending another $10,000 to buy rooftop solar panels for their homes. Ford says the 2.5-kilowatt solar system can generate enough electricity in a year to power the car for 12,000 miles. Of course, if your Focus electric is parked at the office all day, you'll still be charging your battery from the regular power grid when you get home at night, since the sun's not shining then. But Ford says the solar electricity produced during the day will offset what you pull from the grid after dark, which makes it an eco-friendly solution and a whole new meaning for the term "sunroof."
Coming up, a different kind of electric ride on two wheels, not four.
[ZEPPS] How much power does it take? Is it noticeable on your electricity bill?
[GREG CRIST] No, it's inconsequential.
[SUITERS] Combining pedal and plug-in power, to get Americans out of their cars and off of oil.
[TEXT ON SCREEN] Can I recycle a beer bottle with a lime wedge suck inside?
Natch. But limes make good compost. Just sayin'. www.grist.org
Laugh now or the planet gets it.
[ANNOUNCER] Clean energy is a top priority with consumers and politicians across this country and throughout Maryland. And now there's an easy way to learn how clean energy can be a part of your life -- in your home, at work, as a career. The Maryland Clean Energy Summit is your chance to get all the information you want, from solar and wind to thermostats and energy suppliers. The state's foremost clean energy leaders will be presenting at this hallmark conference, so don't miss it.
[TEXT ON SCREEN] MARYLAND CLEAN ENERGY SUMMIT 2011
Investing in Energy to Generate Jobs
August 25-27, 2011
Marriott North Bethesda Hotel and Conference Center, Bethesda, Maryland
Register at www.mcecsummit.org, 301-738-6280
[SUITERS] Welcome back. Getting around on two wheels. In much of the world, biking is the main mode of transportation. Take China for example, or Denmark, where it's not unusual to see more bicycles than cars on the roads. That's not the case in the U.S., not yet. But with gasoline prices burning up our billfolds, more of us are turning to bikes for our commutes. And as "energyNOW!"'s Josh Zepps tells us in this energyNEXT, some folks are also putting a charge into their old Schwinns.
[ZEPPS] In the roughly 150 years since the bicycle was invented, it's become the most popular method of transportation in the entire world. There are more than twice as many bikes as there are cars, around a billion. But, in the grand, pioneering tradition of American innovation, some folks are working to ensure that the story of the bike is just beginning.
[ED BENJAMIN, LIGHT ELECTRIC VEHICLE ASSOCIATION] It's personal transportation that's very cheap. It's very energy efficient.
[ZEPPS] Ed Benjamin is one of the world's top experts on the thriving business of electric bicycles, and the founder and head of the industry body, the Light Electric Vehicle Association.
[BENJAMIN] I speak Chinese now. I spent a major portion of my life in China. The Chinese people have been the world's single largest market for buying normal bicycles. Today, one out of every two bikes they buy is electric.
[ZEPPS] And it ain't just China. It's estimated there are about 120 million e-bikes on the road today worldwide.
[BERT CEBULAR, NYCeWHEELS] No matter what happens, we do our steady like 20% increase in sales.
[ZEPPS] Bert Cebular, and his dog, Mr. Bailey, run one of New York's busiest electric bicycle stores -- NYCewheels. His e-bikes sell from about $1,000 to $4,500.
[CEBULAR] Save money, leave your car at home, you'll stay healthy. It just makes sense. I think that's the future for a lot of people.
[GREG CRIST] Let me buckle you in.
[ZEPPS] People, for example, like Greg and Jeannie Crist in Washington, D.C. They're so happy whizzing their tots around on their e-bikes that Greg even sold his car. The batteries on their bikes get about 15 miles per charge.
[GREG CRIST] We used to bike to work, and I got a couple calls when Jeannie was stranded at the bottom of the hill.
[JEANNIE CRIST] That's true.
[GREG CRIST] And I just started thinking, what would be the best way to have her commute with the child and erase the hills?
[JEANNIE CRIST] More people using e-bikes because Washington has a lot of hills, and a lot of people like us live four miles away from work. It's not that far, but it's far enough to be sort of a pain if you're biking up and down hills.
[BENJAMIN] When Americans start saying, "It costs me 80 bucks, 100 bucks, 120 bucks to fill the tank in my car -- What are my alternatives?" One alternative is going to be the normal bicycle. One alternative is going to be the electric bicycle. One alternative is going to be your local bus system, another is a Metro that your city hasn't built yet, but you're starting to think it's a pretty good idea.
[ZEPPS] Nobody's saying electric bicycles will replace cars. But you might think about the e-bike boom this way. First, humans invented the wheel and domesticated the horse, which gave us the horse-drawn carriage. Then came the steamboat, the locomotive, then the streetcar and the bicycle and, finally, the personal automobile. But what's the next step? It's probably not flying cars and jet packs.
[BENJAMIN] This idea that the best way to get around is to sit in your car and enjoy your air-conditioning, listen to your radio, and when you're in a traffic jam, watch a video on your iPhone and maybe apply your makeup -- that's a paradigm that, it works in some places. There's an awful lot of places it doesn't work. It's not going to be the ordinary human solution for transportation.
[ZEPPS] So, here's what you need to know about the electric bike. There are basically two kinds. The first...
[CEBULAR] They're called pedal-activated or pedal-assist bikes. The bike will not run without you pedaling it. It will just give you some help so you don't kill yourself going up the hill.
[ZEPPS] If you do kill yourself, it's because a New York City taxicab has sideswiped you. So this will basically magnify the amount of energy that you're putting into the bike, fourfold.
[CEBULAR] This is four times stronger than you are. So, 250 watts doesn't sound like much.
[ZEPPS] You haven't seen my thighs.
[ZEPPS] The second type of e-bike is more like a conventional motorbike.
[CEBULAR] This is the Hummer of electric bikes.
[CEBULAR] Even has that color, the yellow. This thing, you don't have to pedal at all. It accelerates. It's almost twice the weight of a pedal-like bike. But it's a lot of fun.
[ZEPPS] Are the speeds comparable?
[CEBULAR] By law, they're not allowed to go faster than 20 miles an hour.
[CEBULAR] Yeah. 20 is cool.
[ZEPPS] I can run 20.
[CEBULAR] Yeah, right, show me. [Laughs]
[ZEPPS] Late last fall, Greg invited me along for a ride.
It's got some real juice.
[GREG CRIST] Yeah, it sure does. But you can imagine what it would be like hauling those kids. That trailer weighs about 100 pounds.
[ZEPPS] And unlike a motorbike, when you're done zooming around, no need to buy gas.
[GREG CRIST] It's very lightweight, very low maintenance. It's just plug-and-play. So, after her ride, she can just come and there's a little charger. Plug it in. And the charger light starts to charge up.
[ZEPPS] How long does it take?
[GREG CRIST] It takes about 4 hours, maybe. But usually we just leave it plugged in overnight. And next morning, she's ready to ride.
[TEXT ON SCREEN] To learn how to convert your bike to an e-bike, go to energynow.com.
[ZEPPS] How much power does it take? Is it noticeable on your electricity bill?
[GREG CRIST] Oh, no, it's inconsequential, really.
[ZEPPS] Now, no story about e-bikes would be complete without a visit to one man -- the octogenarian grandfather of the e-bike himself -- Frank Jamerson. Given the weather in New York and D.C. at the time, I was pleased to learn I'd be meeting Frank in Naples, Florida.
All right. Is it inappropriate to show up to the grandfather of the electric bicycle driving a V6?
Frank used to work for General Motors, and when it comes to e-bikes, he and friend Ed Benjamin literally wrote the book. "Electric Bikes Worldwide Report" is the industry bible. And he was the man who revealed something kind of depressing.
[FRANK JAMERSON] All electric bikes are made in China.
[ZEPPS] Every single one?
[JAMERSON] Very few made in this country.
[ZEPPS] Nearly 29 million e-bikes were sold worldwide in 2010. Americans bought about 80,000, Europeans snapped up about a million, the Chinese rode away with 27 million. You said that you felt like the world might be on the brink of a transportation revolution. Is that hyperbole?
[BENJAMIN] No, it's not on the brink. Worldwide, we're building Metros at a fantastic pace. The human race is changing the way it moves -- rapidly, effectively. And America is a little bit slow off the mark. What we've got works okay for us at this time. It's becoming unaffordable and we're going to change.
[ZEPPS] All right, Mr. Bailey, let's burn some rubber. In New York City, Josh Zepps, "energyNOW!"
[SUITERS] Electric bike expert Ed Benjamin says he expects half of all bicycles on the road will be e-bikes by 2025. Walmart and Best Buy sell the bikes for about $500 apiece. And Benjamin says that may be the cheapest they'll get because the materials used to make e-bikes are in high demand. And here's something different. Maybe one way to bring the cost down is growing new bikes right out of the ground. The Ajiro Bamboo Concept Bike is the brainchild of a design student in Australia. The bamboo actually grows on a special frame in the shape of a bike, saving on raw materials like steel or aluminum, and saving energy, too.
We had a bunch of responses to a question we posted on our Web site, energyNOW.com. We asked, "Should the U.S. government eliminate tax incentives for energy production to help balance the budget?" Here are some of your responses.
Henry Ickes from Arlington, Virginia, writes, "Cutting them off now only leaves the field open to the 'big guys' who are already here, and who have demonstrated that they really don't care about anything other than fossil fuels."
Dennis in Cary, North Carolina, says, "YES!!! ABSOLUTELY!!! The U.S. government should eliminate ALL subsidies for energy producers.... they should all sink or swim on their own merits in a free market."
Randy Dixon, who didn't give us a hometown, says, "I don't believe in any government tax incentives. The incentive money comes from someone's taxes and could be used to balance the budget."
And James Woodman of Lubbock, Texas, writes, "...tax incentives on alternative energy technologies are an investment in our future and vital to our country's security."
If you want your voice to be heard in the country's energy debate, head to our Web site, energyNOW.com, and reach out to us on YouTube, Facebook, or Twitter, as well. Just search for us at energyNOWnews.
That's it for this week. I'm Tyler Suiters. We'll see you next week.
[ANNOUNCER] For decades, this coal-fired power plant near Washington, D.C., has prompted health complaints. More than 60 years old, it has often been charged with environmental violations. Many say it's time to close it down. But what comes next? Now there's a plan. Potomac River Green is an innovative blueprint for tomorrow. It opens up the riverfront and creates hundreds of jobs, good for Alexandria and good for the D.C. Metro area. Potomac River Green.
[TEXT ON SCREEN] www.potomacrivergreen.com. Potomac River Green is a project of the American Clean Skies Foundation, Washington, D.C.
The Israel Connection: Offshore Natural Gas
Israel is heavily dependent in imported fossil fuels for energy, but that may be about to change. Chief Correspondent Tyler Suiters takes a look at Israel's efforts to find and develop offshore natural gas. He interviews Israeli government officials and energy industry executives about several recent finds, including the “Leviathan” field, an offshore resource in the Mediterranean Sea that is redefining how the nation produces its electricity. He also looks at Israel's search for alternatives to oil, to power its cars and trucks.
Taking Charge: The Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor
Most people take for granted the vast network of pipelines and gasoline pumps that fuel our cars and trucks. But what if the transportation-fuels industry had to start from scratch? That's the problem facing the backers of the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor. Correspondent Lee Patrick Sullivan explores the “chicken-and-egg” challenge of building a network of liquefied natural gas and compressed natural gas filling stations across America's West. He talks to corporate officials responsible for building the stations and the fleets of natural gas-powered trucks that will use them.
The bicycle is the most popular form of transportation in the world, outnumbering cars by about two to one. Now innovators are adding an electric motors to give bikes an extra boost. Special Correspondent Josh Zepps takes a look at the evolution of the electric bike, or e-bike, its popularity overseas and how the concept is catching on in the U.S.
Philip Kalson explains how natural gas resources beneath the Mediterranean Sea are transforming the way Israel powers its economy.Watch now ...
Here's what you get when you order the latest e-bike conversion kit.Read more ...
Last Wednesday was a big milestone for people who care about public health and a livable climate. Two utilities announced the planned closure of nine coal plants.Read more ...
Today, in the UK, the world's oldest nuclear power plant shut down.Read more ...
The U.S. led the world in clean energy investment in 2011, but China retained the top spot in the latest Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index from Ernst & Young.Read more ...